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22nd Battalion 2NZEF
"Vrai et Fort"
Cassino Commemoration 2014 - 70 years on
The next generation returns
Today was Sunday and this had originally been the day for the main international commemoration service at Cassino. As the planning progressed it became apparent that the Polish people had decided to make the 70th year a major event. With a large Polish presence expected, new plans were needed. So the Sunday morning was given over to Poland and the international service was moved to Monday. That left Sunday afternoon for the New Zealand service. It also meant that many people had booked tours and hotels for the Saturday and Sunday and were expecting to depart on Monday morning. They could not change their plans, so would miss out on the international service.
The changes in the plan meant that we had some time on the Sunday morning. Those who were able to get a pass to the Polish Service were able to go, the remainder of our group went off to Caira and the German Cemetery.
The German Cemetery at Caira
People often ask - "We read of the heavy German losses at Cassino, but where are they all buried?" About 3 kilometres north of Cassino and just out of sight of the Abbey, the German Cemetery curves around the nose of a smooth ridge. The site of the cemetery was agreed between the German and Italian Governments in 1955, but it was not until 1959-1960 that reburials took place. German casualties from all over the southern part of Italy were reburied here, being moved from Salerno, Ortona, Cassino and north to Florence. There are 20,027 burials, including a group of unknown soldiers, buried near the 11 metre high cross at the top of the ridge.
Not as many people visit this place and it is not as well kept as the Commonwealth cemeteries. It appeared to have a sombre, and somewhat dark and oppressive feel compared to the open and light Commonwealth cemeteries. This air is partly due to the large cyprus trees that stand guard throughout the cemetery. The place is also devoid of flowers. However all of the graves are covered by a mass planting of St John's Wort, which produces a bright yellow flower in late Spring. We were a week or so too early for the flowers. (It may be coincidental, but St Johns Wort was once believed to cure depression and to ward off evil.)
The New Zealand 70th Commemoration Service
Word had spread that the New Zealand Service was to be attended by HRH Prince Henry of New Zealand (generally known as "Prince Harry"). Even the fiercely republican Italians were not immune to the attractions of a handsome Prince, so that what might have been a small intimate ceremony, as it has been in the past, became a media circus. In the past, the NZ service had been held in a corner of the Cemetery, amongst the New Zealand graves, but this time space and security won out and it was held in the central section at the far end of the reflecting pool.
The NZ veterans arrived early and were forced to stand in the shade of the large trees until all of the offical party had arrived. This might have over-taxed some of them, but the need for the strict medical selection criteria now became apparent and none seemed overcome by heat or fatigue. With the arrival of Prince Harry the proceedings began. Harry was greeted by the NZ Governor-General (General Sir Jerry Mataparae - General Jerry) with the traditional hongi. Word has it that the Prince had spent some time practising this manoeuvre prior to arrival.
After the service, the veterans and officals moved off towards the far corner of the cemetery where most of the New Zealand graves lie. Security people and officious Italian volunteers kept everybody else at a distance, including the NZ Veterans' Affairs doctor who found herself on the wrong side of the cordon. The security, however, did not stop many of the onlookers running through the cemetery and jumping from grave to grave in their haste to get closer to the Prince for a photo. It was a very undignified display, but seemed to pass without comment.
The Order of Service for the New Zealand National Service can be seen here
Last updated: 20/07/14